Five Celebrated Early Surgeons Of Southern Alberta

Alberta's Medical History

Deans, Dreams And A President

Life And Times Of James W. Davidson

Hearts, Minds And Vision

Sylvan Lake: A Postcard Perspective

Medicine Makes A Wonderful Life

Pathways To Education

Annotated Curriculum Vitae - Page 2

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(For complete details, download the Full CV.)

Historical Research Discoveries By Robert Lampard

How was health insurance (that later became Medicare) started in Canada?
While the honorable T.C. Douglas is given credit for originating Medicare, it was because he found a
way to universally fund it through taxation.  The concept originally known as health insurance, evolved in
Alberta.  The Liberal party supported the concept in 1919, but took no further steps until 1939.  Irene
Parlby as the President of the UFWA, first stated that healthcare was not a privilege but a right (1919).
She joined the UFA party who were elected in 1921.  Throughout their 15 year tenure they believed that
government had a role to play in improving access to health care through a health insurance program.
Community interest became apparent with the establishment of a prepaid medical insurance program
(the Cardston medical contracts) in 1932, and a month later the appointment of the Hoadley
Commission (1932-34) that studied the concept of a subsidized health insurance program for the
province.  The Commission proposed that it cover doctors, hospitals, dentists and drugs, with the
government contributing for those who couldn’t afford it.  That was a Canadian first.  The Hoadley
concept was accepted by the subsequent Social Credit government without alteration.  Although
unable to fund it because of the depression, two Alberta physicians (Archer, McEachern) sought and secured CMA support for it.  At a meeting in January 1942 the CMA, under President A.E. Archer,
voted 78-0 in favor of a health insurance program for Canada.  The federal government agreed to
fully fund it, but failed to gain provincial approval for it in 1946, over a Quebec/Ontario
disagreement over taxation.  It was then resurrected by Mr. Douglas, and supported by the
federal government in major initiatives in 1957 and 1968.

How was the circumnavigation of the world with Rotary clubs from Greece to China completed?
At the request of Rotary International, Calgary Rotarian James Wheeler Davidson who was fluent in
Japanese agreed to create Rotary clubs from Athens to Shanghai from 1928-31.  A north pole explorer,
American consul to China, a successful Alberta businessman, and after 1913 a peace loving Rotarian, he
was asked as the third VP of Rotary to undertake the trip.  He was successful at forming 23 clubs in 12
different countries.  Mt Davidson, 12 miles north of Lake Minnewanka was named in his honor in 1934.
The decision never reached the maps.  The error was discovered by Dr. Lampard in 2002.  The first
ascent by 24 Rotarians, including three members of the Davidson family, occurred in 2003 and a book
on Davidson authored in 2006.  The story is still unfolding.  It is the Asian and African Rotary clubs that
have been essential partners to help deliver polio vaccine for National Immunization Days, as part of
the polio eradication program.  The program has eradicated 99.7% of the polio cases in the world.

How was a provincially funded Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research (AHFMR) conceived and established?
It was done so by the Progressive Conservative party, under Premier Peter Lougheed in 1980.  The
concept was articulated by Mr. Lougheed in his PC party leader acceptance speech of 1966.  It was
refined after his election in 1971.  One goal was to establish a long term plan for the future of
Alberta.  Investments he said should have long term horizons and should include “brain” industries”.
Eight days after the establishment of the Heritage Trust fund, Lougheed agreed to consider a
medical research fund, since the province was responsible for health and education and therefore
should be responsible for research related to both fields.  After researching the topic for four years,
anddeveloping a framework for performing such research, $300 million from surplus oil revenues
was used to fund the AHFMR in 1980.  It was the first fully funded medical research foundation in
Canada.  The Honorable Peter Lougheed and Dr. Jack Bradley were inducted in the Canadian
Medical Hall of Fame in 2001, for this initiative.  Since then, four high-rise research buildings have
been built on the Edmonton and Calgary medical campuses.  Medical research funding received
by the two faculties is now almost $300 million per year.

How was the Canadian Army Medical Corps (CAMC) formed?
While the CAMC was formally established by the Minister of Defense, Dr. Frederick Borden in 1904
following the Boer War, it actually had its roots on the plains of Saskatchewan in 1885.  During the
Northwest Rebellion all Canadian troops were under the command of British General F.D. Middleton,
except the Hospital Corps.  It was formed and managed under field surgeon Dr. Thomas Roddick,
the future Dean of Medicine at McGill.  He selected 23 physicians to man the main base hospital in
Winnipeg, two satellite base hospitals (Saskatoon, Moose Jaw) and two field or tent hospitals that
moved with the troops. 
Regimental medical officers remained with their units.  The Hospital Corp treated 329 injured
soldiers, buried another 113 soldiers, while limiting the cases of infection and typhoid fever to four
of whom only one died.  It was remarkable accomplishment when deaths from infectious disease
exceeded those from gunshot wounds, usually several fold.  Loyalist and rebel soldiers were all
treated alike. Roddick recognized the problem of moving physicians between provinces and into
jurisdictions they didn’t have a license.  He recommended a national medical council, to examine
physicians for a national license and was successful in establishing it with the approval of 11
governments and the CMA, in 1912.

What was unique about the $0.5 million Rockefeller donation to the Faculty of Medicine in 1920?
There were six Rockefeller grants given to the Faculties of Medicine in Canada c1920.  Only the
Alberta one was not used for capital purposes.  Instead it was invested in Alberta government bonds.
The interest returned to the university.  The donation required the expansion of the faculty from a two
year to a four year program and the building of a medical school.  The grant saved the faculty during
the mini depression in 1921/22 and again in 1933.  Through bond interest and tuition, the faculty
covered most of its expenses, almost until WWII.  The fund still exists.

Who federated the CMA with the Provincial Medical Associations in 1938?
It was Dr. J.S. McEachern of Calgary.  He proposed in 1935 that the two organizations merge, so
that the CMA, whose membership was less than 30% of all Canadian physicians, could represent
Canadian doctors in the pending discussions concerning health insurance.  He was successful by
1938.  In the process he gained CMA acceptance of the Alberta (Archer) based principles for a
health insurance program.  He presided over the CMA at the only meeting where insurance was
discussed by American and Canadian physicians – in 1935.  At those meetings the American
physicians agreed to limit health insurance to the private sector and the patient.  The Canadian
physicians supported the concept that the government had a role in the funding of the program.
That approval was confirmed in a CMA special meeting in January 1942 with a vote of 78-0 in
favor of a health insurance plan for Canada.  Dr. McEachern received the second STARR
(Victoria Cross) award from the CMA in 1938, and was the second Alberta physician to be
inducted in the CMHOF (2003).  He also started the Canadian Cancer Society in 1938.

Where was Dr. James Hector kicked by his horse - giving rise to the nomenclature the Kicking Horse River, Valley and Pass?
The location of the actual kicking incident has never been identified.  After uncovering six first and
second hand accounts of the event, the closest answer is that it is located two hours by horse up-river or
east of the Wapta Falls, near Field, BC.  It occurred a few feet from where the CPR tracks now pass.

Who was the unsung hero in averting a diphtheria outbreak at Fort Vermillion in 1928/29?
Credit has always gone to the two fliers who flew the vaccine over New Years from Edmonton to
Fort Vermillion - Wop May and Vic Horner.  The outbreak was already under control before they arrived. 
Suspecting a case of diphtheria, Dr. Harold Hamman had taken his own vaccine and dog team to the
community of Little Red River, 80 kms or two days travel away.  He confirmed the initial diagnosis and
sent an order to Vermilion to send a dog team out to order more vaccine.  When the patient died, he
brought the body out with his wife and the two of them buried him in the cemetery.  He returned to
Red River to examine all the contacts he could before returning again to Vermilion to pick up the
flown-in vaccine from May/Horner.  He returned a third time to vaccinate anyone in the area that
wanted it. Dr. Hamman covered 480 kms with his dog team, in comparison with the 1600 kms that
the two pilots flew albeit it under trying circumstances to reach Fort Vermilion.

Who created the largest wound infection study in the world and confirmed that postoperative clean wound infections could be reduced below 1%?
It was Dr. Peter Cruse of Calgary.  He demonstrated in 1965-67 that by giving surgeons feedback on
their postoperative wound infection rates, they would improve their techniques, and their wound infection
rates would drop.  The rates did to 1.8%, at a time when the international rates were 4-17%.  Dr. Cruse
eventually grew his study to over 160,000 cases and reduced the rate to below 0.6% per year for clean
wound operations.  Not only was postoperative morbidity reduced, but lengths of stay were shortened by
roughly one week per infection.  It became recognized as one of the few cost beneficial programs that
could be introduced in a hospital.  Other hospitals around the world have struggled, to achieve the low
infection rates of Dr. Cruse.  His work was translated into at least 4 other languages.  His epitaph was
tact plus fact equals low clean wound infection rates.

Recognizing The Accomplishments Of Others

Dr. Lampard has made the following successful nominations to honor Albertans locally, provincially and
nationally.

Canadian Medical Hall of Fame: Peter Lougheed and Jack Bradley, MD (2002), John S. McEachern,
MD (2003), William A. Cochrane, MD (2010), Lorne Tyrrell, MD (2011), Walter C. Mackenzie, MD
(2013), Howard Gimbel, MD (2020)
The Medical Alumni Society of the UofA - Outstanding Standing Alumnus Award: Eliot Phillipson, MD
(2003), Deter Lemke, MD (2004), David Dawson, MD (2005).
The AMS/Hannah Neilson National Historian of the Year Award: Ian Carr, MD (1996), Robert
Macbeth, MD (2001).
The AMS/Hannah Spaulding Regional Medical Historian Award: Gerald Higgins, MD (1996),
Lawrence Clein, MD (1998), Ihor Mayba, MD (2000), Harry Letts, MD (2002), David Hogan, MD
(2004).  (Dr. Lampard received this award in 2004).
Other Successful Nominations:
HSA Historian of the Year: Kerry Wood (1964), Bill Baergen (2003).
CMA Medal of Honor: Peter Lougheed (2002).
LTCHS Wall of Honor Award: Norman Gish (2000).
100 Alberta Physicians of the Century: 47 nominations submitted; 22 successful (2005).  Dr.
Tyrrell nominated Dr. Lampard (successful).
Central Alberta Women of the Century: Kathleen Swallow, MD, Irene Parlby, Sadie Lampard
(2005).
Red Deer Citizens of the Year (S. Bannerman 2015, G. Beek 2017, R. Mills 2019)

Grants And Donations

Our Future Out Past UofC Website.  Raised (with Fritz Pannekock), almost $200,000 to digitize the
AM Bulletin and 39 books for the medical section of the website.
Historic Arches Park in RD.  Raised $185,000 for the park.  The original cost ballooned from $30,000
to $225,000.  The city contributed the rest.
AB Historical Resources Foundation have contributed $40,500 toward the research and publishing of
five books.
Donations: A variety of donations have been made for the RDCC murals (family $7,000), the
Wintemute Trophy to the OMA, the AMF from book sales of the AM History, RI source document
(proceedings, Rotarian Davidson Researched, $6,000).  The major W. Can. History collection was
donated to the UofLethbridge for their now rare book room. And the adjacent reading room named
the Dr. Dorothy Lampard Reading room.  How appropriate.

A Summary Of Robert Lampard's Avocational And Historical Contributions

Nationally:
Organized the first successful intercollegiate post-season football game between Queens and
the UofA in Edmonton in 1963.  Attended by 8,000.  It began a national final which was first
held in 1965, and has now become the Vanier Cup.
Accredited over 100 hospitals for the Canadian Council and Hospital Accreditation.
Participated in 16 consecutive Ontario medical bonspiels, promoting east/west medical
curling friendliness and rivalry.  Won the bonspiel five times.
Uncovered three Saskatchewan firsts: the creation of the CAMC during the NW Rebellion of
1885 or before it was formally formed in 1904, and the design of snowplanes (a
Saskatchewan word) in 1929.  They were used to visit patients during the winter by riding
the rails and the flat snow covered roads of Saskatchewan.  Found that the roots of the
Douglas/Saskatchewan universally funded Medicare plan began as a health insurance plan in
Alberta, that was accepted by the federal government during WW2 before Douglas was
elected premier.  Also discovered that the first community to introduce a municipal hospital
insurance program in 1917, was the border city of Lloydminster, but the program extended
just as rapidly through Alberta. 
The work of Dr. Archer to gain national acceptance of the health insurance concept
(1927-1948) exceeded the years of Douglas’ contribution (1944-61) to fund it. 
Provided the leadership to the AMF, to inaugurate and fund the national medical student
History of Medicine Days program in Calgary (in 1992), and a chair in medical history in
Calgary, triple matched by AMS/Hannah, and the UofC (1995, and again in 1997), raising
$1.5M.  It became one of only two outside the province of Ontario.
Provided the historical information on Rotary in Canada for the CD on 100 years of Rotary in
Canada.  It was produced for the 100th anniversary of Rotary extending outside the United
States to Winnipeg in 1910.  5,000 copies were sold.
Discovered how James & Lillian Davidson completed the circumnavigation of Rotary clubs
around the world (1928-1931), and published highlights from their life in Rotary (2006).
Participated in the successful organization of CMHOF dinners in Calgary and Edmonton,
which raised over $200,000 and $400,000 respectively for the CMHOF (2006, 2010).
Successfully nominated six Albertans for induction into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame:
Premier Lougheed and Dr. John Bradley, Drs. J.S. McEachern, W.A. Cochrane, W.C.
Mackenzie, L. Tyrrell.
Provincially:
He has written over 30 articles on Alberta’s medical history in the Alberta Doctor’s Digest;
eight in History Now, four in Alberta History, one each in the Annals and Royal College and
Saskatchewan History.
Has written three books on medicine in Alberta, one on the Davidsons in Rotary, three
personal interest books (Lampard of RD, Wintemute Curling team, Postcards of Sylvan Lake)
and has several more in various stages in writing, editing, and publication (M.C. RD Drs.
RDRC 100th).  Literature publications exceed 110 mostly on Alberta’s medical history.  The
book entitled Alberta’s Medical History - Young and Lusty and Full of Life, contains 35
physician biographies, and summaries of 22 other events in Alberta’s medical past.  Nine
more biographies appear in his book Deans, Dreams, and a President, The Deans of the
Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry at the UofA.  Has written book chapters on AB
contributions to Medicare and Jim Davidson (see CV).
Has been a preceptor in the UofC History of Medicine course 11 times.  All topics have been
published in the HOM Proceedings.  Four have been published in national journals.
Created, with the assistance of the UofC and fundraised the funds for an Alberta medical
history website as part of the “Our Future, Our Past” project. (see ourfutureoutpast.ca)
Has produced over 20 vignettes on Alberta medical pioneers for the AMA’s website.
Locally:
Has been a Rotarian since 1987 and has contributed to the club as its archivist, historian,
polio expert, newsletter editor, and organizer of the youth exchange weekend for 11 years,
as well as a director.
Has been treasurer and president or the Red Deer Curling club and presided over the first
(front face) major renovation to the club since 1952 in 1994-1998.  Originated the idea of
one and eventually two (4’ x 55’ each) murals on the black bonspiel of Willy McCrimmon,
and obtained W.O. Mitchell’s approval for them, one month before he died.  Has retrieved
numerous historical artifacts for the club.
Helped retain the CPR Bridge for the trail system in the city.
Initiated the concept of an Historic Arches park to compliment the bronze ghost program. 
Opened in 2012.  The concept of one arch for each “era” in RD’s history, was to eventually
be extended with more arches.  Instead the plaques focused on the CPR.
Convinced the Rotary club to complete the funding (provided $40,000) for the first
skateboard park in Red Deer, while on the Board.
Participated with three others in the authoring of the history of the LTCHS high school.  It
was a unique school in the province that ran for many years on three semesters.
Initiated the idea (2016) of a centennial project by the RD Rotary Club.  The request for
proposals selected an environmental Rotary Park including Slack’s slough and land donated
by Robert Mills.  Stimulated a biography of Bob Mills and successfully nominated him as RD’s
2019 Citizen of the Year.
CAHS.  Accepted the Pres for a second time (first time 2002-2005), and organized a 25th
anniversary, future strategic planning seminar to benchmark the first 25 years progress and
develop a long term plan for the CAHS.
Donations:
In addition to securing funding for the UofC websites, the RDCC murals and the arches park,
he has given the copyright for his books to the Lethbridge Historical Society, UofC and the
UofA to publish them.
The University of Lethbridge has received a donation of his Western Canadian history books
and business History books and AB lit collection to create their first special collections.  His
other books collections will be donated to the medical library (UofA or UofC), the RDCC
archives (curling books), the mountaineering collection (Geoffrey) and the Red Deer archives
(personal documents).  The Alpine collection will be retained by the family.  The library
currently contains over 5,000 books and journals.

Awards And Recognition

U of A Students Union Silver “A” Award (1963)
Alberta Medical Association Long Service Award (1993)
Red Deer Rotary Club Citation Award (2000)
Premiers Silver Award of Excellence for the Psychotropic Drug Program at Michener Center
William B Spaulding Award for Regional contributions to fostering medical history (2003)
Red Deer Rotary Club Citation (2005)
One of the 100 Alberta Physicians of the Century (2005)
Alberta Centennial Medal (2005)
Honorary Life Member of the CMA (2005)
Member Emeritus of the AMA (2005)
Adjunct Professor in the History of Medicine, U of A (2007)
One of the 100 Historical Society of Alberta Volunteers of the Century (2007)
Honorary member of the Rotary Club of Calgary (2009)
Adjunct Professor in the History of Medicine, UofC (2012)
UofA Centennial Award for Voluntary Service (2013)
April 2019
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